Enforcing the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act

Created on Friday, 21 October 2016

7889329502_b4c6171d98_o-copy  Photo credit: Ethan Lucas

Earlier this year, President Obama signed the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015. This legislation closed the loophole in the Tariff Act of 1930 in order to bar products made abroad by convict, forced, or child labor from entering U.S. supply chains.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) recently released information on how it will enforce these recent updates to trade law. CBP’s enforcement includes a petition system for suspected noncompliance, a set timeline of procedures for investigating goods suspected of being associated with forced labor or other trade evasions, and annual progress reports to Congress. CBP’s enforcement of the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act is particularly important for U.S. companies importing seafood and international suppliers exporting seafood into the U.S.

To assist companies in understanding these trade and enforcement updates, FishWise has drafted a briefing document on this issue, that you can view here. The briefing summarizes current knowledge regarding CBP’s enforcement of recent trade laws and tips to assist businesses in remaining complaint.

For more information on this brief and recent trade legislation, please contact

FishWise visits Tri Marine in American Samoa

Created on Wednesday, 05 October 2016



Photo credit: Eleanor Partridge

In November and December of 2015, FishWise staff Mariah Boyle and Elsie Tanadjaja took a trip to the South Pacific to learn more about tuna fisheries and processing facilities. Tuna are impressive fish – they’re large, migrate across and between the world’s oceans, and fetch some of the highest market prices for a seafood product. Tuna is also the third most consumed seafood in this country, behind shrimp and salmon, with fresh and frozen tuna steaks and sashimi being sold alongside the American staple of canned tuna. During this trip, Mariah and Elsie had the privilege of visiting several countries and companies, one of which was Tri Marine based in American Samoa, a small island territory in the South Pacific Ocean. This small island developing territory is one of world’s major tuna processors and is one of the most important commercial fishing ports under the U.S. flag.

Working with other businesses, governments, and regulators for increasing sustainability of tuna resources, Tri Marine has grown into one of the world’s largest tuna supply companies. The company is unique in that is in involved in all stages of the tuna supply chain – fishing, trading, processing, and marketing – and has developed a long standing investment in strong sustainability and traceability standards. As of June, 2016, Tri Marine’s fleet of ten American Samoa-based tuna purse seiners have become MSC certified.

Visiting Tri Marine’s new, state-of-the-art processing facility, Samoa Tuna Processors (STP) was impressive. Opening in January 2014, the space covers nearly 40,000 square feet with capacity to store over 5,000 tons of tuna. Mariah and Elsie were able to tour the facility which houses high tech traceability systems to track tuna from vessel to can, strengthening the traceability of Tri Marine’s products as well as the ability to fulfill private label orders. Tri Marine’s advances in traceability can be seen in its Ocean Naturals products that only source responsibly caught tuna. Consumers can enter codes found on their cans or pouches of tuna into Ocean Natural’s website to learn more about the origins of their tuna. An added benefit to the state of the art facility is the ability for fish that are received directly from Tri Marine’s fleet of vessels to be sized and separated by species before being processed by the local plant.

Sustainability for Tri Marine touches on more than just the environment. Tri Marine’s new canning facility, Samoa Tuna Processors, was a collaboration between the tuna company and the local community. This investment is a demonstration of Tri Marine’s commitment on sustainability, quality, community, and collaboration. Beyond the ability of the cannery to process upwards of 1 million cans of tuna each day, it can provide employment to 1,500 local community members. American Samoa’s economy is dependent on the tuna canning industry and Tri Marine’s new facility, which filled a large economic void left behind after Chicken of the Sea’s Samoa Packing closed its doors in 2009.

Tri Marine prides itself on placing a high standard on generating employment and improving the standard of living for its employees, and the STP facility is no exception. By investing in regions close to fisher’s resources and establishing strong relationships with local communities and its members, stakeholders can better manage the local marine resources and ensure that the benefits are captured by the American Samoan community members, their families, and local government.

FishWise would like to extend a warm thank you to Tri Marine for allowing our staff to spend a few days touring their impressive facility as well as their purse seine tuna fishing vessels. Getting a better understanding of Tri Marine’s traceability systems sheds light on the work we do at FishWise and continues a positive and forward-thinking dialogue on how important it is to continue implementing and improving upon tuna sustainability and traceability within the industry.


Welcome Cora Sorenson!

Created on Friday, 16 September 2016


Greetings FishWise readers!

I’m Cora Sorenson, and I’m thrilled to have recently joined the fantastic staff at FishWise as a Human Rights Project Manager. My role here combines my two great passions of people and the ocean, as I contribute to FishWise’s efforts to support socially responsible seafood. I’m excited to have the opportunity to facilitate information and expertise sharing between FishWise and the Conservation Alliance for Seafood Solutions to help businesses protect human and labor rights within their seafood supply chains.

My love of the ocean began as a child growing up by the beautiful beaches of Southern California, where dolphins, whales, and giant flocks of pelicans were common sightings. However, it took some time before the ocean became the focus of my career. I first pursued a career in social work, working with immigrant communities in New York City for many years before getting a Masters in Public Policy and focusing on ocean conservation. I had the fortunate opportunity to complete several internships in Hawaii, where I saw first-hand the integration of fishing with community, subsistence, and cultural practices. Those experiences gave me a true appreciation for the relationship between fishing and social well-being, lessons I apply in my work at FishWise. I have a long-standing commitment to addressing social well-being for populations impacted by poverty and inequity, and bring this people-centered lens to the inspiring work of FishWise.

Similar to other FishWise staff, I enjoy the ocean as much outside of work, and you will find me swimming, kayaking, paddling, and taking in fresh ocean air at every opportunity!


Welcome James Tsou-Wong!

Created on


Hi FishWise readers! I’m James and I am happy to announce that I have recently joined the FishWise team as a Project Manager in the Traceability Division. My focus is working with our partners and conservation organizations to find innovative and cross-sectoral approaches to address human rights and labor issues in the seafood industry.

I grew up in Maryland and Beijing, China, and my love for the oceans first grew from both frequent trips to the Baltimore aquarium and my volunteer activities against the consumption of shark fin soup in China. My experience in China also gave me firsthand experience with a new and growing market for seafood and the opportunities and challenges it brings.

I earned my B.A. in general science where I specialized in ecology from Pennsylvania State University, and my M.A. from the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in international environmental policy. I became involved in fisheries during college when I worked on wetlands in the Rift Valley region of Kenya and while earning my master’s degree where I guided discussions and research on marine protected areas at the Food and Aquaculture Organization of the United Nations ( Prior to joining the FishWise team I also led field research on Taiwanese and Chinese tuna longlining fleets and their activities in the Indian ocean. This research assisted coastal nations in Eastern Africa to formulate a policy regarding the fishing activities of China and Taiwan.

Working all over the world on marine issues demonstrated the many challenges and the people who rely on them face, and the many opportunities that exist to address those challenges. I am excited to join this team where I can bring my practical and theoretical experience in fisheries to help achieve FishWise’s mission supporting sustainability through environmentally and socially responsible business practices.

Myths of Modern Day Slavery in the Seafood Industry

Created on Thursday, 08 September 2016


Photo credit: Ethan Lucas

When it comes to human trafficking and modern day slavery, myths are unfortunately quite common. In addition to the predominance of these myths, it is challenging for experts to agree on the global scope of slavery. Estimates of the number of people subjected to human trafficking and forced labor range from 20 million (an estimate of the International Labour Organization (ILO) in 2012) to 46 million (an estimate of Walk Free Foundation (WFF) in 2016).

While it is difficult to definitively know how many people are subjected to modern day slavery, the practice has been documented by a variety of sources including peer reviewed articles, comprehensive reports, and news stories. In the past few years, journalists have detailed instances of slavery in seafood supply chains, from fishing vessels to processing facilities. Given FishWise’s focus on socially responsible business practices, this blog post will focus on debunking a few myths of slavery and human trafficking specific to seafood.

Myth #1 – Slavery is extinct
Although multiple organizations are dedicated to fighting human trafficking and unfair labor conditions, slavery is often perceived as a problem of the past. However, millions of people are enslaved globally. In the fishing industry, forced labor can include deceptive recruiting, excessive workdays, pay withholding, homicide, child labor, and other issues in all steps of supply chains. In two case studies focused on Thailand, researchers found approximately 20% of workers on fishing boats and 10% of workers in the processing industry worked in conditions indicative of forced or coerced labor. The industry is recognizing these challenges and working to meet them. Companies like Nestlé are now setting expectations of their supply chains that include responsible sourcing goals.

Myth #2 – Trafficking always includes physical force or confinement
Migrant workers can fall victim to debt bondage, where a worker attempts to pay off a fee for the cost of working in a different country. Debt bondage has been documented in the Thai fishing industry with migrant workers from Cambodia, Myanmar, and Laos. However, change is on the water. To reduce worker vulnerability, Thai Union has announced that it will eliminate recruitment fees for its workers as one of its steps towards a more ethical migrant worker recruitment policy.

Myth #3 – Prosecution and fines aren’t necessary
Remediation and survivor services are very important, however it is also important to change the drivers of modern day slavery to ensure that human trafficking comes at a high cost. Currently, assuming a high 20% chance of being apprehended for illegal fishing, fishing fines would need to be increased twenty-fourfold for the cost to equal the benefits. Although not through the use of fines, U.S. legislation has evolved to prevent human trafficking in supply chains. In February 2016, Obama signed the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act which closed a consumptive demand loophole which had previously allowed products made with forced labor to enter into the U.S. market. Moving forward, efforts to prevent products associated with slavery from U.S. businesses’ supply chains will have more legislative teeth than before.

With human trafficking and modern day slavery occurring in the seafood industry, it’s important to understand how trafficking is perceived around the globe and what companies can do to prevent these unjust practices. To minimize the risk of these abuses occurring in its supply chains, businesses can start by establishing codes of conduct and communicating with its partners about expectations for its supply chains. While these are big issues to tackle, there are also many resources available.

For more information on human rights in the seafood industry, please see the FishWise human rights resources page.

FishWise Partner Tsar Nicoulai Sends Sustainable Caviar to Space!

Created on Friday, 26 August 2016

Screen Shot 2016-08-26 at 1.14.35 PM

Sustainable seafood has expanded its reach to outer space. On July 18, private space company SpaceX launched a rocket on a mission to resupply the International Space Station. Included amongst the cargo were six tins of caviar from Tsar Nicoulai Caviar, one of FishWise’s producer partners.

Tsar Nicoulai partnered with NASA to send the first US-produced fish eggs into orbit. The tins contained caviar from farm-raised American white sturgeon—a source rated ‘Green – Best Choice’ by Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch program given the closed-tank production method used, which minimizes impacts compared to other aquaculture systems.

Since all 27 wild sturgeon species around the globe are depleted or critically endangered due to high demand for caviar and the sturgeon’s slow-growing nature, caviar from farm-raised sturgeon presents the best option for experiencing this culinary delicacy.

So how will the astronauts indulge? Previous experimentation suggests the best way to eat caviar in space is to squeeze it into the mouth from a bag, suck it through a straw, or wrap it in a tortilla.

That’s one small step for caviar, one giant leap for sustainability!

FAO State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture Report: 2016 Edition

Created on Wednesday, 24 August 2016

FAO Blog pic

Photo credit:  Marine Photobank/Wahid Adnan

The global fisheries and aquaculture sector is an important source of employment, nutrition, and income, supporting the livelihoods of 12% of the world’s population. It is important to have an up-to-date, comprehensive, and accurate understanding of the state of our fisheries so that we can monitor and measure how changes in fisheries and aquaculture impacts both worldwide human and fish populations. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) releases a report every two years that does just that, aptly named The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Aiming to provide a reliable and informed analysis of inclusive fisheries and aquaculture data and related issues, this globally scoped report covers a variety of topics such as illegal fishing, invasive species, fishing fleet status, governance and policy, bycatch mitigation, and fisheries resilience. The 2016 edition uses the latest official statistics on fisheries and aquaculture to present a global analysis of trends in fish stocks, production, processing, utilization, trade, and consumption. Sections of this report are highlighted below.

Due to the dependence on fisheries by millions of people around the world, coupled with the increasing supply of farmed seafood, worldwide per capita fish supply has reached a record high in 2014. World aquaculture production now provides half of all fish for human consumption, and for the first time ever has surpassed the contribution of wild-caught fish. In light of this, open ocean, coastal, and even freshwater fisheries are emphasized as having a large potential to contribute significantly to food security and adequate nutrition for a global population expected to reach 9.7 billion people by 2050.

Despite increased production and, in places, stronger fisheries management, the state of the world’s marine fish stocks has not improved, although some areas have seen notable progress. The ten most productive species accounted for 27% of the world’s marine capture fisheries production in 2013; however most of those stocks are fully fished with no potential for increases in production. Compounding this problem is a global fleet of 4.6 million fishing vessels. Among the implementation shortfalls there has still been considerate positive developments in relation to the FAO Fisheries Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries – considered a benchmark policy for ocean governance. There has also been notable progress in monitoring the status of fish stocks, compilation of statistics on catch and fishing effort, and the application of the FAO Code’s ecosystem approach to fisheries and aquaculture.

Steps are also being taken to combat illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing and to control fishing capacity, including:

  1. A global application of the 2014 FAO Voluntary Guidelines on Flag State Performance, which serves as an important compliment to the Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA). By improving the implementation of flag state responsibilities, ideally, illegal fishers will be deterred and denied access to states’ ports and markets;
  2. A new focus on implementing internationally agreed-upon International Plans Of Action for IUU fishing (IPOA-IUU); and
  3. A recognition of the need for market access and trade measures that would be beneficial to combat illegal fishing such as traceability, catch documentation, and ecolabeling schemes.

Similar to the work FishWise undertakes with its retail partnerships, the State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture report also highlighted the role that end-to-end traceability can play as an important tool to lend support to the sustainable and traceable seafood movement. Similarly, the report emphasizes global efforts to combat IUU fishing, which requires significant international coordination and cooperation. To aid support in the endeavor to build consensus and cooperation, FAO drafted guidelines in 2015 for catch documentation schemes based on these core principles:

  • Be in conformity with the provisions of relevant law
  • Not create unnecessary barriers to trade
  • Equivalence
  • Risk-based
  • Reliable
  • Simple, clear, and transparent
  • Electronic (if possible)


While these guidelines are voluntary, they provide states, intergovernmental organizations, and other stakeholders guidance for developing, implementing, reviewing, and harmonizing catch documentation schemes.

The FAO’s State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture report details important global efforts, challenges, and progress made in the world fisheries and aquaculture sector. This latest edition emphasizes that the state of the world’s fisheries, despite progress in particular areas, is not improving. On the contrary, there has been improvement in developing and now implementing a progressive legal framework to combat IUU fishing as well as a realization that end-to-end traceability can lend support to providing consumers with legal, traceable, and sustainable seafood. As FishWise continues to work with its partners and other NGOs to deliver credible, market-based solutions for sustainably and ethically sourced seafood, it is encouraging to know that our goals align with those of the FAO – an internationally recognized and respected organization.

Traceability At Your Fingertips

Created on Thursday, 18 August 2016

Traceability Toolkit blog_credit Matt Grove

Traceability is quickly gaining recognition in the seafood industry as an effective tool that can help illuminate opaque supply chains and verify sustainability and social responsibility claims. However, the traceability landscape is complex and constantly evolving, making it a difficult concept for many to fully grasp. Future of Fish recognized that industry-wide adoption of traceability best practices would be dependent on a shared understanding of the concept, and enlisted the help of FishWise, World Wildlife Fund, and the Global Food Traceability Center to create a Traceability 101 Toolkit – a one stop shop with helpful and simplified resources on all things seafood traceability. This toolkit will help empower environmental and social NGOS to effectively guide their industry partners towards the goal of robust, end-to-end supply chain traceability.

The resources in this toolkit were born out of responses from surveys and interviews with conservation organizations, who expressed the need for high-level traceability concepts clearly explained through multimedia platforms. The traceability tools currently available in this toolkit are:


NGOs can now use these tools to ensure that they all have the same understanding of end-to-end supply chain traceability, and educate their industry partners on steps to take towards implementing traceability best practices. FishWise Traceability Division Director Mariah Boyle explains that “this toolkit is a significant step towards greater alignment and understanding of seafood traceability. NGOs and companies with expertise on the topic can sharpen their traceability lexicon with the glossary and think about new traceability applications by viewing the slide deck. Those new to traceability can view quick PSAs as a 101 on the topic and a one-pager on the five core functions of traceability.”

This toolkit is intended to evolve with the continually changing landscape of seafood traceability. It will serve as a dynamic platform that can continue to house new and improved tools to support greater understanding and more effective engagement in conversations about traceability and traceability technology in seafood supply chains.

If you’d like to learn more about seafood traceability, please visit our FishWise Traceability Resources page for additional information.


Sea Quest – MSC Certified Albacore from Fiji

Created on Friday, 05 August 2016

Sea Quest Fiji blog photo

In November and December of 2015, FishWise staff Mariah Boyle and Elsie Tanadjaja went on a trip to the South Pacific to learn more about tuna fisheries. Tuna is the third most consumed seafood in this country, with fresh and frozen offerings in steaks and sashimi along with the American staple of canned tuna. Tuna are impressive fish – they are large, migrate throughout the world’s oceans, and have specialized physiology to swim fast and regulate their body temperatures. On this trip, Mariah and Elsie visited several countries and many companies. One of these was Sea Quest, based in Fiji.

Established in 2006, Sea Quest is a 100% locally owned tuna longline fishing company based out of the port of Suva, Fiji. It has grown from its small beginnings of three fishing vessels to a current total of six licensed longliners harvesting fresh tuna to be exported to international markets. Employing around 150 staff including crew, engineers, and administrative staff, Sea Quest prides itself on training and providing employment to locals, particularly from rural areas.

Sea Quest, among many other companies in this area, fish using longlines – about 98% of what the company catches is marketable in terms of species and size. Sea Quest annually harvests approximately 1,000 tons of fish; about 500 of which is fresh and destined for buyers primarily in Japan and the United States, as well as growing markets in New Zealand, Australia, and the European Union. All of their harvest is within Fiji’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

In 2012, as one of four members of the Fiji Tuna Boat Owners Association (FTBOA), Sea Quest’s albacore tuna longline fishery was certified with the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). Between 50 and 60% of the Fijian tuna harvest is made up of albacore and represents a large portion of the country’s tuna export earnings. This accreditation allowed Sea Quest to access markets previously off limits due to the assurance that albacore tuna fished within Fiji was harvested from a sustainable and certified source. Certification by an internationally recognized organization like the MSC is vital recognition for the efforts towards creating a more sustainable and efficiently managed fishery.

Sea Quest continually stresses the importance of not only sustainable fishing practices but traceability throughout the supply chain. Since June 2013, Sea Quest and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), through it’s Smart Fishing Initiative, have teamed up to implement a project to prove that use of satellite technology on fishing vessels can not only increase safety on those vessels but promote legal and transparent fishing practices. Sea Quest had installed six Automatic Identification System (AIS) transmitters on its tuna fishing vessels to demonstrate full transparency of the fleet’s fishing operations and has since been receiving positive feedback from its customers and boat captains.

Additionally, Fiji is a signatory country to the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) regional fisheries management organization (RFMO) as well as a signatory to UNCLOS and all relevant conventions, aimed at using effective management for the long-term conservation and sustainable use of highly migratory species, such as tuna. Unfortunately, there have been recent concerns over the declining tuna stocks in the Pacific due to competition from foreign-flagged fishing vessels and overfishing of the stocks.

Fiji has taken some excellent strides to improve their offshore fishery management in recent years. Their monitoring and inspection of vessels returning to port has been improved, new fisheries regulations have been implemented, and managers are working collaboratively with fishers and fishing associations to address concerns.

There is still work to be done to manage tuna in a sustainable manner, globally. Efforts to improve traceability, vessel tracking, enforcement and set sustainable harvest limits will be vital to the long-term viability of these fish stocks. After our trip we’re in awe of these beautiful fish and look forward to working to ensure their sustainability is a priority.

FishWise Celebrates Target’s Achievements in Sustainable Seafood

Created on Sunday, 31 July 2016


Screen shot 2016-07-31 at 11.40.27 AM

In 2011, FishWise partnered with Target to help the company develop a comprehensive program with the goal of having 100% of its fresh and frozen seafood products be responsibly sourced and traceable by year-end 2015 . Since then, Target has transitioned almost 60% of its fresh and frozen seafood to sustainable sources. As of January 2016, 97% of the fresh and frozen seafood sold in Target stores meets their commitment to responsible sourcing. Additionally, 100% of Target’s owned brand fresh and frozen seafood products are now from responsible sources.

The success of the partnership and program has established Target as an industry leader in the sustainable seafood movement. Target has maintained a top ten position in Greenpeace’s “Carting Away the Oceans” report, placing it in the top tier of U.S. supermarkets that are addressing the major social and environmental concerns associated with seafood.

One key factor in Target’s success is its willingness to extend its work beyond direct purchasing by engaging in collaborative discussions with seafood vendors to improve sourcing.

Together with FishWise, Target engaged with the Global Aquaculture Alliance to make improvements to its Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) certification for farm raised shrimp. Target also has supported fishery improvement projects by purchasing from progressive FIPs.

Going forward, Target is committed to working with its vendors to ensure its high standards for sustainable seafood continue to be met.